Ionic bonds are formed when a metal and nonmetal come together. They are attracted to each other because of their opposite charges. The metal loses electrons, which gives it a positive charge, and the nonmetal gains electrons, which gives it a negative charge. These oppositely charged ions then bond together to form an ionic compound. Ionic compounds are usually solid compounds that are held together by strong ionic bonds. They generally have high melting points and boiling points because of the strength of those bonds.
What are Metals?
A metal is any element on the periodic table that can conduct heat and electricity. Some common metals are iron, copper, chromium, aluminum, silver, lead, zinc, gold, sodium and mercury.
What are Nonmetals?
Nonmetals cannot conduct heat or electricity. They do not have properties found in metals such as ductility, magnetism and luster. Some common nonmetals are oxygen, nitrogen, chlorine, fluorine, bromine, carbon and sulfur.
What is an Ionic Bond?
An ionic bond is formed when a metal loses electrons to become positively charged ions called cations. The nonmetal receives the electrons from the metal to create negatively charged ions called anions. These oppositely charged ions are attracted to each other and bond together to form compounds called ionic compounds, which are usually solid at room temperature.
Ionic Bonds Vs Covalent Bonds
An ionic bond occurs when ions are formed after the electron is transferred from one atom to another. Ionic bonds are formed between metals and nonmetals because of their opposite charges. Covalent bonds, on the other hand, occur when atoms share electrons with each other. Atoms do not gain or lose any electrons, which means that an atom’s identity remains unchanged after a covalent bond is made.
What are the Characteristics of Ionic Compounds?
Solids held together by ionic bonds usually have high melting and boiling points because these bonds create an extremely strong attraction. There is a wide variety of shapes for ionic solids, but they do not conduct heat and electricity like metals and nonmetals typically do. Also, all ionic compounds are charged, so they do not have the properties of metals and nonmetals.
How are Ionic Compounds Formed?
Ionic compounds are formed when atoms lose or gain electrons. After one metal loses electrons to become positively charged ions called cations, that metal will attract a negatively charged ion from another element that can gain electrons to form an ionic compound. Ionic compounds are usually created in a lab with water or other solvents that can provide ions for the cations and anions to bond together. These types of compounds might not naturally occur on their own in nature.